Course number: PKIN700
Language of instruction: English
Credits: 3 ECTS
Contact Hours: 22
Term: Fall 2015, Spring 2016
Course meeting times: Will be updated
Course meeting place: Will be updated
Professor: Prof. Jim Parry; Assoc. Prof. Irena Parry Martínková, Ph.D.
Contact Information: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Office address: H225
Office hours: Will be updated
This course is an introduction to the study of sport from the point of view of the humanistic disciplines of philosophy, sociology, psychology, history and politics. The first half of the course will introduce the 5 disciplines, trying to show how each can help us towards an understanding of sport as a social practice; and the second half of the course will examine some contemporary issues from an inter-disciplinary perspective – issues such as doping, violence, cheating and technologies in sport.
Upon completion of this course the student will be able to:
– Understand the different natures of various Humanities disciples (philosophy, sociology, psychology, history and politics).
– Understand the role of these Humanities disciplines in our understanding of sports practice
– Discuss contemporary issues in sport from an inter-disciplinary perspective of various humanistic disciplines.
– Apply critical reading techniques to a text.
– Ability to engage in reasoned and consistent discussion in groups.
– Understand and evaluate complex ideas and lines of argument.
– Argue effectively in defence of a theory or point of view.
– Sensitivity to moral problems and to the human being.
Methods of Instruction
Partly lectures (with and without PowerPoint presentations), group work (small group discussions) workshops to develop critical thinking, discussions on selected texts and topics, etc.
Assessment and Final Grade
1. Assessment Type 1: Essay on one of the recommended topics 40%
2. Assessment Type 2: Individual presentation about a recommended theme 20%
3. Assessment Type 3: Homework 20%
4. Assessment Type 4: Participation in sessions 20%
Marking scheme assessment PG 1-4 (1 = excellent; 4 = fail)
The assessment essay should be on one of the recommended topics.
Criteria of evaluation: scope and depth of coverage of a topic, originality, clear demonstration of the relationship of at least one Humanities discipline to sport issues.
The presentation must be designed so as to be interactive, making the group think about and work upon the selected theme.
Criteria of evaluation: scope and depth of coverage of a topic, appropriateness of the form of the lesson, engagement of other students.
Reading recommended texts before the lessons, being prepared for discussions of the required themes.
Participation in sessions
Engagement in groupwork, willingness to interact effectively, meaningful contribution to the sessions.
Attendance is mandatory.
Session 1 Introduction
Understanding the role of the Humanities disciplines in our understanding of sports practice.
Brownell and Parry (2012): chapters 1, 4, 5, 8, 10.
Session 2 Sport and philosophy
Introduction and Workshop.
With the example of definition of the concept of punishment, it will be shown how philosophy can contribute to the study of sport.
The main questions to be asked: What is punishment? What is sport?
Session 3 Sport and ethics
With the example of doping in sport, it will be shown how philosophy can contribute to the study of sport. The main question asked: Why is doping wrong?
Article by Parry (2006a)
Session 4 Sport and sociology
The cultural, interactional, and structural dimensions of sports. Important social issues, and their relation to sport (e.g. race, class, gender, environment).
Coakley (2014): chapters 2, 11, 13, 15.
Session 5 Sport and politics
Sport as an expression of philosophical anthropology.
Examples of the relation between sport and politics.
Hoberman (1984): chapter 1.
Session 6 Contemporary issues
Considering contemporary issues in sport from an inter-disciplinary perspective, using various humanistic disciplines.
Reading: Coakley (2014): chapters 4-10.
Issue I: Pain and Injury in Sport
Why do we accept pain and tolerate injury in sport?
Article by Parry (2006c).
Session 7 Issue II: Violence in Sport
What is violence? Violence, aggression and assertion. Violence in pursuit of sporting aims. Discussion of the recommended article.
Session 8 Issue III: Technologies in Sport
The role of technology in the development of sport. When (and when not) is new technology acceptable? Disability sport and technology.
Session 9 Guest lecture.
Session 10 Issue V: Cheating
Discussion of cheating (sport rules and rule-breaking) from philosophical, ethical and sociological perspectives. Match-fixing and gambling corruption.
Article by Leaman (2001).
Session 11 Issue VI: Olympism
Discussion of the philosophy of sport developed by the Baron Pierre de Coubertin a century ago, in reviving the ancient Olympic Games.
Article by Parry (2006b)
Brownell, S. and Parry, J. (2012). Olympic Values and Ethics in Contemporary Society. Ghent, Belgium: University of Ghent.
Coakley, J.J. (2014). Sports in Society – Issues and Controversies. New York: McGrew-Hill.
Hoberman, J. (1984). Sport and Political Ideology. New York: Macmillan
Leaman, O. (2001). Cheating and fair play in sport. In. W. Morgan, K. Meir, & A. Schneider (Eds.) Ethics in Sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, pp. 91-99.
Parry, J. (1998). Violence and Aggression in Sport. In McNamee & Parry (Eds.), Ethics and Sport. London: Routledge, 1998, pp. 205-224. Reprinted in Holowchak A. (Ed.), (2002). Philosophy of Sport: Critical Readings Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Parry, J. (2006a). Doping in the UK. Sport in Society, 9(2), pp. 269-296. Reprinted in Schneider A. and Hong F. (Eds.), Doping in Sport. London: Routledge, 2007, pp. 93-120.
Parry, J. (2006b). Sport and Olympism: Universals and Multiculturalism. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, 33: 188-204.
Parry, J. (2006c). The Intentional Infliction of Pain in Sport. In S. Loland and B. Skirstad, and I. Waddington (Eds), Pain and Injury in Sport – social and ethical perspectives. London: Routledge, pp. 144-161.
Martínková, I. and Parry, J. (Eds.), (2011). Phenomenological Approaches to the Study of Sport. London: Routledge.
Ryall, E. and Olivier, S. (2011). Ethical issues in coaching dangerous sports. In A.R. Hardman and C. Jones (Eds.), The Ethics of Sports Coaching. London: Routledge, pp. 185-198.
Sheridan, H. (2003). Conceptualizing ‘fair play’: a review of the literature. European Physical Education Review, 9(2), 163-184.
Smith, T. and Allison, P. (2007). Outdoor experiential leadership: Scenarios describing incidents, dilemmas and opportunities. Tulsa, Oklahoma: Learning Unlimited.