Course number: PZTV702
Language of instruction: English
Credits: 3 ECTS
Contact Hours: 22
Term: Fall 2015, Spring 2016
Course meeting times: Will be updated
Course meeting place: Will be updated
Professor: Assist. Prof. Jitka Vařeková, Ph.D., Mgr. Eva Prokešová, Assist. Prof. Klára Daďová, Ph.D.
Contact Information: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Office address: E324
Office hours: Will be updated
Massage refers to the systematic manipulation of the soft tissues of the body for therapeutic purposes. Sports massage is a specific application of massage. It is the science and art of applying massage and related techniques to maintain the health of the athlete and to enhance athletic performance.
Students will learn the basic principles of sports massage, its types and applications. They will work with various types of massage techniques, and they will practically master the full body massage.
– Learn the theory of sports massage: basic principles, contraindications (situations, where and when massage cannot be done), massage types
– Practice main massage techniques
– Learn the order of massage techniques on various parts of the body
Basic anatomy and physiology knowledge is welcome.
Methods of Instruction
The course will be taught using the following methods of instruction:
– PowerPoint (first a theoretical lesson and then at the beginning of every practical lesson)
– Watching video “Sports Massage” on DVD
– Practicing sports massage techniques in pairs
– Fieldtrip, etc.
Assessment and Final Grade
1. Assessment Type 1: Sports massage theory 25%
2. Assessment Type 2: Practical knowledge of techniques 25%
3. Assessment Type 3: Sequence of techniques 25%
4. Assessment Type 4: Homework 25%
Marking scheme assessment PG 1-4 (1 = excellent; 4 = fail)
Sports massage theory
The following theoretical knowledge is required:
– knowledge of anatomy and physiology (especially muscles and other soft tissues)
– history of sports massage
– effects of sports massage (psychological: reducing stress, increasing relaxation, biochemical: DOMS)
– massage means (oil, lotion – types and uses)
– indications and contraindications of sports massage, etc.
a) In every lesson short quizzes and written tests will be used for revision
b) Midterm exam – anatomy and sports massage theory
c) Final written exam – sport massage theory and techniques.
Practical knowledge of techniques
Students will learn five basic stroke techniques: effleurage, petrissage, friction, tapotement and vibration.
Effleurage consists of long strokes administered with open palms and it is used for spreading lotion on the body and allowing the athlete to relax.
Petrissage is characterized by kneading, rolling and lifting strokes, which help free up the muscles.
Friction can be done by various parts of the hand: fingers, thumbs, fist. Usually, small circular movements are used.
Tapotement is a percussive stroke in which the hand action rhythmically stimulates nerves, muscles and circulation. The hand position can be cupped or with palms flat, soft fists, fingers etc.
Vibration refers to shaking and trembling movements applied to the one muscle, area or limb. These movements can be done slowly or rapidly.
a) In every lesson teacher will correct students’ performance
b) At the end of the course is the practical exam.
Sequence of techniques
Students will learn the recommended sequence of massage techniques for different parts of the body.
c) In every lesson the teacher will monitor and correct the students’ performance
d) At the end of the course there is a practical exam
Reading recommended texts for discussion.
Attendance at sports massage sessions is mandatory.
Session 1: Sport massage – history, effects, indications and contraindications
Session 2: Massage techniques – introduction
Session 1: Back massage – theory and practice
Session 2: Neck massage – theory and practice
Session 1: Chest massage – theory and practice
Session 2: Abdominal massage – theory and practice
Session 1: Leg massage – front side – theory and practice
Session 2: Leg massage – front side – theory and practice
Session 1: Arm massage – theory and practice
Session 2: Revision lesson
Session 3: Fieldtrip
Week 6 Exams
BENJAMIN, P.J., LAMP, S.P. (2005). Understanding Sports Massage. USA:Human Kinetics.155p. ISBN 0-7360-5457-X
Handouts and PPT presentations will be available in Moodle